Jalapeno peppers are most widely used and most flavored chili peppers being used in Southern and Northern states of America or the areas where Tex-Mex cuisines are popular. Like all other chili peppers, Jalapenos are also originated from Mexico. The word “Jalapeno” was even derived from XALAPA, which is a name of a provincial capital of a Mexican state. They cultivated the crop for centuries in Mexico. Later some Spanish explorers introduced the jalapenos to the whole world.
It is a lasting herbaceous plant with a stem of wood that grows up to 1 meter in height. Jalapenos grows in well-drained and fertile soil with sufficient sunlight and enough moisture. Other required and influencing factors are flower, foliage and suitable fruiting conditions. Jalapeno plant bears white and tiny flowers for almost 45 days after displacement and green pepper pods after almost 60 days. Settled and developed jalapenos shows small cracks around the shoulders of the fruit and the harvesting lasts for several months.
The shells measure about 4-10 cm in length and appears shiny, smooth and with tapering tip. There are tiny white circular but flat seeds inside every shell. As compared to other chili peppers, jalapenos have strong and spicy taste that comes from a compound called capsaicin, which is considered health friendly in many ways.
Health benefits of Jalapeno Peppers:
Jalapenos contains capsaicin which is a health friendly alkaloid compound and this is also responsible for pungent, strong and spicy nature of peppers. Every individual is different is tolerating the taste of jalapenos because of their strong spicy flavor. They are rich in phytochemical compounds that prevents many disease attacks and promotes good heart health.
Capsaicin is rich in anti-carcinogenic, anti-bacterial, anti-diabetic and analgesic properties plus it also lowers the bad cholesterol levels in the body. Jalapenos are also known for controlling obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Fresh and ripped jalapenos are loaded with vitamin C as compared to raw green fruit. As vitamin C is a water-soluble antioxidant, which is required by our bodies for collagen synthesis. Collagen synthesis is a major structural protein that maintains healthy blood vessels, organs, tissues, skin and bones.
Consuming foods which are rich in vitamin C prevents scurvy to develop and also boosts the immune system and kill infectious tissues in the body. It also reduces inflammation and prevents free radicals to develop and cause diseases like cancer.
Jalapenos are also rich in other health friendly antioxidants like Vitamin A, flavonoids like α -carotene, β -carotene, lutein, cryptoxanthin and zeaxanthin. These substance protects the body from injurious effects, free radicals produced by stress hormones and many diseases conditions.